Calder was encouraged to create, and from the age of eight he always had his own workshop wherever the family lived. For Christmas inCalder presented his parents with two of his first sculptures, a tiny dog and duck cut from a brass sheet and bent into formation.
See Article History Alternative Titles: Kurt Vonnegut, in full Kurt Vonnegut, Jr. Vonnegut grew up in Indianapolis in a well-to-do family, although his father, an architect, was unemployed during much of the Great Depression.
As a teenager, Vonnegut wrote for his high school newspaper, and he continued the activity at Cornell University in IthacaNew York, where he majored in biochemistry before leaving in to enlist in the U. After the war Vonnegut took graduate courses in anthropology at the University of Chicago while working as a reporter.
He was later employed as a public relations writer in upstate New York, but his reservations about what he considered the deceitfulness of the profession led him to pursue fiction writing full-time.
In the early s Vonnegut began publishing short stories. Many of them were concerned with technology and the future, which led some critics to classify Vonnegut as a science fiction writer, though he resisted the label.
His first novelPlayer Pianoelaborates on those themes, visualizing a completely mechanized and automated society whose dehumanizing effects are unsuccessfully resisted by the scientists and workers in a New York factory town.
Vonnegut abandoned science fiction tropes altogether in Mother Night ; filma novel about an American playwright who serves as a spy in Nazi Germany. God Bless You, Mr. Rosewater centres on the title character, an eccentric philanthropist, but also introduces the writer Kilgore Trout, a fictional alter ego of Vonnegut who appears throughout his oeuvre.
Explicitly drawing on his Dresden experience, Vonnegut crafted an absurdist nonlinear narrative in which the bombing raid serves as a symbol of the cruelty and destructiveness of war through the centuries.
Critics lauded Slaughterhouse-Five as a modern-day classic. Breakfast of Champions; or, Goodbye Blue Monday! Though reviews were mixed, it quickly became a best seller. Slapstick; or, Lonesome No More! While Vonnegut remained prolific throughout the s, he struggled with depression and in attempted suicide.
In he published A Man Without a Country: A Memoir of Life in George W. We Are What We Pretend to Be comprised an early unpublished novella and a fragment of a novel unfinished at his death. A selection of his correspondence was published as Letters Vonnegut, KurtKurt Vonnegut, In addition to promoting the work of Vonnegut, the nonprofit organization served as a cultural and educational resource centre, including a museum, an art gallery, and a reading room.
Learn More in these related Britannica articles:Watch video · Ernest Hemingway Biography Author (–) Nobel Prize winner Ernest Hemingway is seen as one of the great American 20th century novelists, and is known for works like 'A Farewell to Arms. Ernest Hemingway, American Nobel Prize-winning author, was one of the most celebrated and influential literary stylists of the twentieth century.
His critical reputation rests solidly upon a small body of exceptional writing, set apart by its style, emotional content, and dramatic intensity of vision.
Ernest Hemingway, in full Ernest Miller Hemingway, (born July 21, , Cicero [now in Oak Park], Illinois, U.S.—died July 2, , Ketchum, Idaho), American novelist and short-story writer, awarded the Nobel Prize for Literature in He was noted both for the intense masculinity of his writing and for his adventurous and widely publicized life.
The first full biography of Ernest Hemingway in more than fifteen years; the first to draw upon a wide array of never-before-used material; the first written by a woman, from the widely acclaimed biographer of Norman Mailer, . Hemingway: A Biography [Jeffrey Meyers] on initiativeblog.com *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. Distinguished by its precision, its graceful use of language, and its resonant depth, the innovative style of Nobel Prize-winning author Ernest Hemingway () radically altered literary conventions and influenced generations of . May 16, · New bio: Why we can't get enough of 'Papa' Hemingway. Mary Dearborn's biography explains our enduring fascination with the writer.
A Historical Guide to Ernest Hemingway. Oxford University Press: New York and Oxford, Oxford University Press: New York and Oxford, The John F. Kennedy Library in Boston, Massachusetts, has an extensive collection of books and manuscripts, and holds more than 10, photos of . Ernest Hemingway played a major role in defining 20th-century American literature, but his life, art, and image are so deeply intertwined that it is hard to separate them.
This is because he had. Hemingway and his second wife, Pauline Pfeiffer. Hemingway and a large blue Marlin caught in the Gulf Stream near Key West.