A historic overview of ancient greek art

Pyramids of Giza One of the first great civilizations arose in Egyptwhich had elaborate and complex works of art produced by professional artists and craftspeople.

A historic overview of ancient greek art

Visit Website Did you know? Many of the sculptures from the Parthenon are on display at the British Museum in London. They are known as the Elgin Marbles.

Temple Architecture With its rectangular stone platform, front and back porches the pronaos and the opisthodomos and rows of columns, the Parthenon was a commanding example of Greek temple architecture.

Typically, the people of ancient Greece did not worship inside their temples as we do today. Instead, the interior room the naos or the cella was relatively small, housing just a statue of the deity the temple was built to honor.

Introduction to ancient Greek art (article) | Khan Academy

Worshippers gathered outside, entering only to bring offerings to the statue. The temples of classical Greece all shared the same general form: Rows of columns supporting a horizontal entablature a kind of decorative molding and a triangular roof. At each end of the roof, above the entablature, was a triangular space known as the pediment, into which sculptors squeezed elaborate scenes.

On the Parthenon, for example, the pediment sculptures show the birth of Athena on one end and a battle between Athena and Poseidon on the other.

So that people standing on the ground could see them, these pediment sculptures were usually painted bright colors and were arrayed on a solid blue or red background.

This paint has faded with age; as a result, the pieces of classical temples that survive today appear to be made of white marble alone. Proportion and Perspective The architects of classical Greece came up with many sophisticated techniques to make their buildings look perfectly even.

They crafted horizontal planes with a very slight upward U-shape and columns that were fatter in the middle than at the ends.

Without these innovations, the buildings would appear to sag; with them, they looked flawless and majestic.

Ancient Greek art - Wikipedia

Sculpture Not many classical statues or sculptures survive today. Stone statues broke easily, and metal ones were often melted for re-use. However, we know that sculptors such as Pheidias and Polykleitos in the 5th century and Praxiteles, Skopas and Lysippos in the 4th century had figured out how to apply the rules of anatomy and perspective to the human form just as their counterparts applied them to buildings.

Earlier statues of people had looked awkward and fake, but by the classical period they looked natural, almost at ease. They even had realistic-looking facial expressions. People offered small terra cotta figurines as gifts to gods and goddesses, buried them with the dead and gave them to their children as toys.

They also used clay pots, jars and vases for almost everything. Much of our knowledge of classical Greek art comes from objects made of stone and clay that have survived for thousands of years.

However, we can infer that the themes we see in these works—an emphasis on pattern and order, perspective and proportion, and man himself—appeared as well in less-durable creations such as drawings and paintings.While today’s Greece is confounded within the modern borders, in ancient Hellenic civilization it expanded throughout the Mediterranean.

A historic overview of ancient greek art

Besides the traditional mainland, the islands, and the coast of Asia Minor, Hellenic colonies existed in Italy, Sicily, France, Spain, Libya, and all around the Black Sea.

Classical Art ( - BC) was created during a "golden age", from the time Athens rose to prominence, to Greek expansion and right up until the death of Alexander the Great. It was during this period that human statues became so heroically proportioned.

Myths, legends, deeds, and heroes permeated ancient Greek thought, enriching a large portion of literature and art. The pages here are a mere point of reference to provide "color" and context to the rich history and culture of ancient Greece.

Following the death of Alexander the Great in B.C.E.

A historic overview of ancient greek art

(one of the most successful conquerers in history—his empire stretched from Greece and Egypt to the Indus valley and Afghanistan)., the Greeks and their influence stretched as far east as modern India.

Introduction to ancient Greek art. This is the currently selected item. Sep 03,  · The term Ancient, or Archaic, Greece refers to the time three centuries before the classical age, between B.C. and B.C.—a relatively sophisticated period in world history. Greek architecture refers to the architecture of the Greek-speaking peoples who inhabited the Greek mainland and the Peloponnese, the islands of the Aegean Sea, the Greek colonies in Ionia (coastal Asia Minor), and Magna Graecia (Greek colonies in Italy and Sicily).

Ancient Greece - HISTORY