It was not until the last third of the twentieth century that critics began to take the label seriously, recognizing literary nonsense as a genre of its own. What is Literary Nonsense?
Many of the words in the poem are playful nonce words of Carroll's own invention, without intended explicit meaning. When Alice has finished reading the poem she gives her impressions: However, somebody killed something: In later writings he discussed some of his lexicon, commenting that he did not know the specific meanings or sources of some of the words; the linguistic ambiguity and uncertainty throughout both the book and the poem may largely be the point.
For example, following the poem, a "rath" is described by Humpty as "a sort of green pig". In Carroll asked his publishers, Macmillan"Have you any means, or can you find any, for printing a page or two in the next volume of Alice in reverse?
Macmillan responded that it would cost a great deal more to do, and this may have dissuaded him. Pronounce 'slithy' as if it were the two words, 'sly, thee': A swift moving creature with snapping jaws, capable of extending its neck.
Radiantly beaming, happy, cheerful. Although Carroll may have believed he had coined this word, usage in is cited in the Oxford English Dictionary. Following the poem Humpty Dumpty says: They had no wings, beaks turned up, made their nests under sun-dials and lived on veal.
Following the poem, the character of Humpty Dumpty comments: In a letter of DecemberCarroll notes that "burble" could be a mixture of the three verbs 'bleat', 'murmur', and 'warble', although he did not remember creating it.
Possibly a blend of fair, fabulous, and joyous. Combination of "fuming" and "furious". Make up your mind that you will say both words, but leave it unsettled which you will say first. Now open your mouth and speak.
If your thoughts incline ever so little towards 'fuming', you will say 'fuming-furious'; if they turn, by even a hair's breadth, towards 'furious', you will say 'furious-fuming'; but if you have the rarest of gifts, a perfectly balanced mind, you will say 'frumious'.
Perhaps used in the poem as a blend of 'gallop' and 'triumphant'. Humpty comments that it means: However, Carroll also wrote in Mischmasch that it meant to scratch like a dog.
Taking 'jabber' in its ordinary acceptation of 'excited and voluble discussion', this would give the meaning of 'the result of much excited and voluble discussion' In the above old image it has four legs and also bat-like wings. In Alice in Wonderland film it is shown with large back legs, small dinosaur-like front legs, and on the ground it uses its wings as front legs like a pterosaurand it breathes out lightning flashes rather than flame.
It might make reference to the call of the bird resembling the sound "jub, jub". Possibly 'fearsome'; Possibly a portmanteau of "manly" and "buxom", the latter relating to men for most of its history; or "three-legged" after the Triskelion emblem of the Manx people from the Isle of Man.
Humpty comments that " 'Mimsy' is 'flimsy and miserable' ". Humpty Dumpty is uncertain about this one: The notes in Mischmasch give a different definition of 'grave' via 'solemome', 'solemone' and 'solemn'. Humpty says " 'outgribing' is something between bellowing and whistling, with a kind of sneeze in the middle".
Humpty Dumpty says following the poem: Carroll's notes for the original in Mischmasch state that a 'Rath' is "a species of land turtle.
Head erect, mouth like a shark, the front forelegs curved out so that the animal walked on its knees, smooth green body, lived on swallows and oysters. You see it's like a portmanteau, there are two meanings packed up into one word. Humpty Dumpty says " 'Toves' are something like badgers, they're something like lizards, and they're something like corkscrews.
Toves are described slightly differently in Mischmasch: Carroll himself said he could give no source for Tulgey. Could be taken to mean thick, dense, dark. It has been suggested that it comes from the Anglo-Cornish word "Tulgu", 'darkness', which in turn comes from the Cornish language "Tewolgow" 'darkness, gloominess'.
Carroll noted "It seemed to suggest a state of mind when the voice is gruffish, the manner roughish, and the temper huffish".
Carroll said he could not explain this word, though it has been noted that it can be formed by taking letters alternately from "verbal" and "gospel". The characters in the poem suggest it means "The grass plot around a sundial", called a 'wa-be' because it "goes a long way before it, and a long way behind it".Lewis Carroll is remembered for his long fiction, the children’s classics Alice’s Adventures in Wonderland () and Through the Looking-Glass and What Alice Found There ().
Immediate. Nov 15, · Carroll's best-known works, all produced under the pseudonym Lewis Carroll, were his fantasy novels, Alice's Adventures in Wonderland and Through the Looking-Glass. Children's literature, fantasy literature, mathematical logic, poetry, literary nonsense, linear algebra, voting theory: Notable works: Alice's Adventures in Wonderland, Through the Looking-Glass, The Hunting of the Snark, Works by Lewis Carroll at LibriVox (public domain audiobooks) Works by Education: University of Oxford.
Apr 15, · Lewis Carroll's works Alice's Adventures in Wonderland & Through the Looking Glass and What Alice Found There are by many people considered nonsense books for children. Of course, they are, but they are also much more. Nonsense Literature It was pioneered by British Victorians such as Edward Lear and Lewis Carroll himself and is usually employed for a humorous effect, rather like an elaborate literary practical joke.
Although most people can agree that Carroll’s works are forms of literary nonsense, not many can agree on the nonsense’s intended.
Logical Nonsense, the Works of Lewis Carroll, Now, For the First Time, Complete: With An Introduction, Biography, Notes and a Bibliography by Lewis Carroll and a great selection of similar Used, New and Collectible Books available now at initiativeblog.com