An introduction to the court system in the united states

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An introduction to the court system in the united states

Criminal Justice System Intro to the American Criminal Justice System Unlike in most countries, the United States criminal justice system is not represented by a single, all-encompassing institution. Rather, it is a network of criminal justice systems at the federal, state, and special jurisdictional levels like military courts and territorial courts.

Criminal laws at these levels vary, although these are all based on the US Constitution. The federal criminal justice system handles cases that are national in scope: Meanwhile, state criminal justice systems handle crimes that have taken place or, in certain situations, have evident involvement in the state.

The same process goes for the criminal justice systems within special jurisdictions. Components of the Criminal Justice System As with any mechanism, the criminal justice system involves the coordinated functioning of its distinct parts. The ideal result is making offenders pay for, and repent, their criminal acts while delivering recompense to the victims.

The three components of the criminal justice system are: Law Enforcement The wheels of law enforcement start grinding when a crime is detected.

Detection takes place when the concerned law enforcement body police force or specialized agency receive a report from the victim or a witness, or catch the crime perpetrator. Thereafter, the law enforcers verify the information furnished and proceed with the investigation.

Law enforcement duties include: At the federal level, there is a law enforcement body designated to cover particular areas of criminal law. One example would be the US Department of Homeland Security, which addresses the problem on human trafficking. Meanwhile, state and other local-government police organizations vary in structure, as well as in names.

However, the mission is the same as the others': Adjudication The adjudication of a criminal case involves court processes. In plain terms, adjudication refers to the legal process by which a judgment is pronounced by the court to the parties in a case. As with the law enforcement component of the criminal justice system, the courts are organized at federal, state, and special-jurisdiction levels.

The prosecutor, in turn, determines whether or not the incident will prosper into a criminal case, in which the suspected offender will be charged with the crime. It is not uncommon for the prosecutor to drop or dismiss charges altogether, for reasons that include: It is the prosecutor that takes the side of the victim and, accordingly, the state society or communitywhich the crime has also affected.

With the aid of a legal counsel, the suspect now a defendant enters a plea of either guilty or not guilty. Trial- The arraignment progresses into trial to determine the guilt of the suspect if the not-guilty plea was not entered. In the event of a guilty verdict, the offender is convicted and the court will determine the sentence.

A trial is characterized by an argument that has two sides: On the one hand, the prosecution represents the interests of the victim andin effect, the society or state that the offender is suspected to have violated.

On the other, the defense asserts the innocence of the offender and labors to get the offender acquitted.− The Administrative Office of the United States Courts prepared this very readable and illustrative guide to the Federal Court System. − Links to Circuit, District, and Bankruptcy Courts for .

Nov 26,  · An Introduction to Medical Malpractice in the United States. B. Sonny Bal, Medical malpractice law in the United States is derived from English common law, and was developed by rulings in various state courts.

Medical malpractice lawsuits are a relatively common occurrence in the United States. The Court System in the United. The United States Supreme Court is the court of final appeal. The Court is comprised of the Chief Justice and eight Associate Justices, nominated by the President and confirmed by Congress.

Cases heard by the Supreme Court usually involve questions about the Constitution or federal law. The courts of the United States are closely linked hierarchical systems of courts at the federal and state levels. The U.S.

federal court system hears cases involving litigants from two or more states, violations of federal laws, treaties, and the Constitution. The United States court system is actually many court systems: a federal system and 50 state systems.

Each has its own structures and procedures.

An introduction to the court system in the united states

All are multi-tiered. Legal cases begin in a lower court and sometimes work their way up to a higher court. Some cases initiated in a state court system ultimately end up [ ].

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The Federal Court System in the United States publication introduces judges and judicial administrators who are from other countries to the U.S.

federal judicial system, and its relationship to the legislative and executive branches of the U.S. government.

Introduction to the American Legal System | LexisNexis