GEOGRAPHY Location The Hawaiian Archipelago comprises islands, reefs and shoals, stretching 1, miles 2, kilometers southeast to northwest across the Tropic of Cancer between 40' to 25' W longitude and 18 54' to 28 15' N latitude, consisting approximately of a total land area of 6, square miles 16, square kilometersincluding 1 percent of less than six square miles of land area made up of islands off the shores of the main islands and the Northwestern Hawaiian Islands, from Kure Atoll in the North to Nihoa in the South, also Palmyra, Midway and Wake Islands.
See Article History Alternative Titles: Hawaii is a group of volcanic islands in the central Pacific Ocean.
The islands lie 2, miles 3, km from San Francisco, Californiato the east and 5, miles 8, km from Manilain the Philippinesto the west. The capital is Honolululocated on the island of Oahu. KauaiAllerton Garden, Kauai, Hawaii. Steep cliffs on the Pacific Ocean, Hawaii.
Hawaiian activities of national and international importance include research and development in oceanography, geophysics, astronomy, satellite communications, and biomedicine.
Often called the Crossroads of the Pacific, the state is strategically important to the global defense system of the United States and serves as a transportation hub of the Pacific basin.
Finally, Hawaii is a cultural centre and a major tourist mecca. Area 10, square miles 28, square km. Population 1,; est. Avriette Land Relief The land area of the state of Hawaii consists of the tops of a chain of emerged volcanic mountains that form 8 major islands and islets, stretching in a 1,mile 2,km crescent from Kure Island in the west to the island of Hawaii in the east.
The eight major islands at the eastern end of the chain are, from west to east, NiihauKauaiOahuMolokaiLanaiKahoolaweMauiand Hawaii. Hawaii Volcanoes, coastlines, and relief of Hawaii, U. The highest Hawaiian mountains are Mauna Kea and Mauna Loaboth on the island of Hawaii, reaching 13, feet 4, metres and 13, feet 4, metres above sea levelrespectively.
There has been little erosion in the geologically young areas, where the terrain is domelike or scattered with hardened lava, and the volcanic craters are clearly defined.
In the older areas the mountains have been shaped and eroded by sea, rain, and wind. Their aspects thus include sharp and craggy silhouettes; abrupt, vertically grooved cliffs pocked with caves; deep valleys; collapsed craters calderas ; and coastal plains.
Heavy rainfall in mountainous areas produces an extremely voluminous runoff, which is responsible for the erosion that forms the numerous grooves, ridges, and V-shaped valleys characteristic of the older volcanic islands such as Kauai and Oahu.
The action of rain combined with waves has had a particularly dramatic effect on the more exposed windward sections of the islands. Drainage Because the topography of Hawaii is generally abruptly descending or sloping, there are few surfaces that collect water.
Excess rainfall seeps through porous mountain areas to gather in subterranean chambers and layers retained by less-permeable lava and ash beds, or it is prevented by underlying salt water from seeping to the sea.
The resultant artesian water supply is tapped for use in irrigation and also for human consumption. Many streams in Hawaii are intermittentdepending on the volume of rainfall. The island of Kauai has numerous perennial streams, the largest of which is the Wailua River.
Soils As a result of the weathering of basaltic lava and volcanic ash, Hawaii is rich in arable soils. Given local conditions, with variations in rainfall and organic matter, the islands contain a wide variety of soils.
Of these the most significant are the andisols and mollisols that are the product of lava flows that occurred more than 3, years ago on the islands of Maui and Hawaii and that are agriculturally productive when irrigated.
Also suitable for agriculture are the oxisols of Oahu and Kauai, both of which are red from iron oxidation.
Although the weather is often humid by U. As moisture-laden air is carried over the islands, most frequently by the trade winds, it is apt to condense, form cap clouds, and dissipate against the shores and mountains of the windward coasts, which are therefore more lush in foliage than the leeward coasts.
Rainstorms and waterfalls of Hawaii, U.The largest island by area is the island of Hawaii, also known as the Big Island, while the largest by population is Oahu.
The other main islands of Hawaii are Maui, Lanai, Molokai, Kauai, and Niihau. Summary The entire present population of Hawai'i is approximately million. The U.S. and local censuses have recorded a total of 1,, population in the reports. % of the population is on the Island of O`ahu (including the city of Honolulu), % .
New Zealand consists of two main islands - North Island, with its capital at Wellington, and Auckland as major urban centers; and South Island, as well as several other smaller island groups, such as the Chathams and Kermadecs.
Geography and Landforms of Hawaii Find an overview of Hawaii geography, topography, geographic land regions, land areas, and major rivers. Access Hawaii almanac, furnishing more details on the state geography, geographical and land regions, climate and weather, elevation, land areas, bordering states, and other statistical data.
Computer Science for Hawai‘i Computer Science (CS) is much more than using a computer and coding. It’s multidisciplinary and provides a platform for fun, relevant, and engaging learning.
The Hawaiian Islands (Hawaiian: Mokupuni o Hawai‘i) are an archipelago of eight major islands, several atolls, numerous smaller islets, and seamounts in the North Pacific Ocean, extending some 1, miles (2, kilometers) from the island of Hawai ʻ i in the south to northernmost Kure initiativeblog.comon: North Pacific Ocean.