Epistemology research definition

It raises questions like What is truth? Do we really know what we think we know? How can knowledge be made more reliable?

Epistemology research definition

On the other hand, if something is actually known, then it categorically cannot be false. For example, if a person believes that a bridge is safe enough to support her, and attempts to cross it, but the bridge then collapses under her weight, it could be said that she believed that the bridge was safe but that her belief was mistaken.

It would not be accurate to say that she knew that the bridge was safe, because plainly it was not. By contrast, if the bridge actually supported her weight, then the person might say that she had believed the bridge was safe, whereas now, after proving it to herself by crossing itshe knows it was safe.

Epistemologists argue over whether belief is the proper truth-bearer. Some would rather describe knowledge as a system of justified true propositionsand others as a system of justified true sentences. Plato, in his Gorgiasargues that belief is the most commonly invoked truth-bearer. According to the theory that knowledge is justified true belief, to know that a given proposition is true, one must not only believe the relevant true proposition, but also have a good reason for doing so.

One implication of this would be that no one would gain knowledge just by believing something that happened to be true. For example, an ill person with no medical training, but with a generally optimistic attitude, might believe that he will recover from his illness quickly.

Nevertheless, even if this belief turned out to be true, the patient would not have known that he would get well since his belief lacked justification. The definition of knowledge as justified true belief was widely accepted until the s.

At this time, a paper written by the American philosopher Edmund Gettier provoked major widespread discussion. See theories of justification for other views on the idea. Gettier problem Euler diagram representing a definition of knowledge.

That is, Gettier contended that while justified belief in a true proposition is necessary for that proposition to be known, it is not sufficient. As in the diagram, a true proposition can be believed by an individual purple region but still not fall within the "knowledge" category yellow region.

According to Gettier, there are certain circumstances in which one does not have knowledge, even when all of the above conditions are met. Gettier proposed two thought experimentswhich have become known as Gettier cases, as counterexamples to the classical account of knowledge.

Epistemology research definition

One of the cases involves two men, Smith and Jones, who are awaiting the results of their applications for the same job. Each man has ten coins in his pocket. Smith has excellent reasons to believe that Jones will get the job and, furthermore, knows that Jones has ten coins in his pocket he recently counted them.

From this Smith infers, "The man who will get the job has ten coins in his pocket. Furthermore, Smith, not Jones, is going to get the job. While Smith has strong evidence to believe that Jones will get the job, he is wrong. In other words, he made the correct choice believing that the man who will get the job has ten coins in his pocket for the wrong reasons.

Responses to Gettier[ edit ] This section does not cite any sources. Please help improve this section by adding citations to reliable sources.

Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. November Learn how and when to remove this template message The responses to Gettier have been varied.

Usually, they have involved substantial attempts to provide a definition of knowledge different from the classical one, either by recasting knowledge as justified true belief with some additional fourth condition, or proposing a completely new set of conditions, disregarding the classical ones entirely.

Infallibilism, indefeasibility[ edit ] In one response to Gettier, the American philosopher Richard Kirkham has argued that the only definition of knowledge that could ever be immune to all counterexamples is the infallibilist one.

In other words, the justification for the belief must be infallible. Yet another possible candidate for the fourth condition of knowledge is indefeasibility. For example, suppose that person S believes he saw Tom Grabit steal a book from the library and uses this to justify the claim that Tom Grabit stole a book from the library.Epistemology definition is - the study or a theory of the nature and grounds of knowledge especially with reference to its limits and validity.

the study or a theory of the nature and grounds of knowledge especially with reference to . Epistemology (/ ɪ ˌ p ɪ s t ɪ ˈ m ɒ l ə dʒ i / ; from Greek, Modern ἐπιστήμη, epistēmē, meaning 'knowledge', and λόγος, logos, meaning 'logical discourse') is the branch of philosophy concerned with the theory of .

Epistemology in a business research as a branch of philosophy deals with the sources of knowledge. Specifically, epistemology is concerned with possibilities, nature, sources and limitations of knowledge in . Epistemology definition, a branch of philosophy that investigates the origin, nature, methods, and limits of human knowledge.

See more. Epistemology definition is - the study or a theory of the nature and grounds of knowledge especially with reference to its limits and validity.

Epistemology: Examples and Definition | Philosophy Terms

the study or a theory of the nature and grounds of knowledge especially with reference to its limits and validity See the full definition. Epistemology in a business research as a branch of philosophy deals with the sources of knowledge. Specifically, epistemology is concerned with possibilities, nature, sources and limitations of knowledge in the field of study.

Epistemology | Define Epistemology at initiativeblog.com