One verse in particular is applicable to the cloning issue. Here are a few: I will give thanks to You, for I am fearfully and wonderfully made; wonderful are Your works, and my soul knows it very well.
Here are the five major questions the board considered before the company went forward with cloning the first human embryo. What is the moral status of the organisms created by cloning? If a cloned organism were implanted into a womb, as was done in the case of Dolly the sheep, it could possibly go on to full development and birth.
Because of this potential, some would argue that the organism produced in human therapeutic cloning experiments is the equivalent of any ordinary human embryo and merits the same degree of respect and protection.
Most members of our advisory board did not agree. We pointed out that, unlike an embryo, a cloned organism is not the result of fertilization of an egg by a sperm. It is a new type of biological entity never before seen in nature. Although it possesses some potential for developing into a full human being, this capacity is very limited.
At the blastocyst stage, when the organism is typically disaggregated to create an embryonic stem cell line, it is a ball of cells no bigger than the period at the end of this sentence.
Embryos normally Ethics of cloning not attach to the wall of the uterus and begin development until after the blastocyst stage. It has no organs, it cannot possibly think or feel, and it has none of the attributes thought of as human. Although board members understood that some people would liken this organism to an embryo, we preferred the term "activated egg," and we concluded that its characteristics did not preclude its use in work that might save the lives of children and adults.
Is it permissible to create such a developing human entity only to destroy it??
Those who believe that human life begins at conceptionand who also regard activated eggs as morally equivalent to human embryoscannot ethically approve therapeutic cloning research. For them, such research is equivalent to killing a living child in order to harvest its organs for the benefit of others.
Some of those who think this way, however, might nonetheless find acceptable research on human stem cells derived from embryos left over from in vitro fertilization IVF procedures. They reason, rightly or wrongly, that these embryos are certain to be destroyed and that at least some good might result from using the cells.
But therapeutic cloning remains totally unacceptable to such people because it involves the deliberate creation of what they deem to be a human being in order to destroy it. Many who do not accord moral status to the entities produced by therapeutic cloning disagree with that view.
Like our board members, they argue that the benefits of this research and the possible therapies it could produce far outweigh the claims of the activated eggs.
Remarkably, some who share this moral view nonetheless oppose the research on symbolic grounds. They maintain that it is unseemly to create human life in any form only to destroy it.
They worry that it might start society down a slippery slope that could lead to the scavenging of organs from adults without their consent.
These symbolic and "slippery slope" arguments often have powerful emotional force, but they are hard to assess. Is it really true that using activated eggs for lifesaving therapies will lead to these imagined abuses?
On the contrary, if medical science can increase peoples chances of healthy survival, might not this research even enhance respect for human life? Members of the board took note of the fact that the U. There has been no apparent ill effect of this permission on British society.
In the end, the symbolic and slippery slope arguments did not persuade board members that therapeutic cloning research should not go forward. Is it right to seek human eggs for scientific research?
The need to obtain a supply of human eggs leads to one of the most sensitive ethical issues cloning research. In each of her monthly cycles, a woman usually produces only one or two mature eggs.
To increase that to a number that can be used in research, she must be given stimulatory medications such as those used in reproductive IVF procedures.
In rare cases, these drugs can provoke a so-called hyperstimulation syndrome that can lead to liver damage, kidney failure or stroke. According to some studies, ovulation-stimulating drugs have also been associated with a heightened risk for ovarian cancer.
The surgery to retrieve the eggs also carries risks, such as the dangers of general anesthesia and bleeding. Is it ethical to subject a woman to these risks for research purposes? If women are offered payment to undergo these risks, might that cause human reproductive material to become viewed as a commodity that can be commercialized?
We do not permit the sale of human organs or babies. Are eggs any different?The Ethics of Cloning-to-Produce-Children. Cloning-to-produce-children has been the subject of two major national reports in recent years – first by the National Bioethics Advisory Commission in June , 1 and more recently by the National Academy of Sciences in January 2 Both reports concluded that attempts to clone a human being "at this time" would be unethical, owing to questions.
Our ethics board has had to wrestle with new and challenging questions, but we believe we have managed to give Advanced Cell Technology a firm ethical .
Ethics of Human Cloning - Is Cloning Ethical? Truth about Brexit: what next in the UK v EU divorce, short term and long term. Impact on your personal life, house . Concerns about cloning animals for food go beyond questions of food safety.
In addition to concern for animal welfare, many people have ethical and moral qualms about animal cloning. Here are three reasons why we should say no to cloning: most people think that human cloning is not ethical to make a baby..
1. Non ethical health risks from mutation of genes.. An abnormal baby would be a . Introduction The ethics of human cloning has become a great issue in the past few years. The advocates for both sides of the issue have many reasons to clone or not to clone.
This is an attempt to explore the pros and cons of human cloning and to provide enough information of both sides of the arguments in order for the reader to make their own.