February When we were in junior high school, my friend Rich and I made a map of the school lunch tables according to popularity. This was easy to do, because kids only ate lunch with others of about the same popularity. We graded them from A to E.
Archery, sport involving shooting arrows with a boweither at an inanimate target or in hunting. History From prehistoric times, the bow was a principal weapon of war and of the hunt throughout the world, except in Australia.
Recreational archery also was practiced, along with military, among the ancient Egyptians and Greeksone instance of the latter being the competition in which Odysseus won the hand of Penelope. The Huns, Seljuq Turks, Mongols, and other nomadic horse archers dominated large parts of Asia for about 15 centuries from the 1st century ce.
In Europe the bow and arrow were displaced by firearms as a military weapon in the 16th century.
The bow was retained as a hunting weapon, and archery continued to be practiced as a sport in England by both royalty and the general public. The earliest English archery societies dated from the 16th and 17th centuries. These recreational activities with the bow evolved into the modern sport of archery.
The first American archery organization was the United Bowmen of Philadelphia, founded in In the early days the sport was, as in England, a popular upper- and middle-class recreation.
In the s many archery clubs sprang up, and in eight of them formed the National Archery Association of the United States.
In the National Field Archery Association of the United States was established to promote hunting, rovingand field archery. The number of archers around the world increased phenomenally afterled by remarkable growth in the United States.
By the late 20th century there were probably more than 10 million American participants in all forms of the sport. The bow The bow was almost certainly the earliest mechanical device to achieve greater speed in a projectile than could be attained by throwing it.
It does this by accumulating energy in the bow limbs while drawing pulling the bowstring backstoring it temporarily while holding and aiming, and releasing the stored energy by converting it to energy of flight in the arrow. Initially, and probably for millennia, bows were made of a single material, usually wood self bowsincluding those in which two pieces were fastened together to make the equivalent of a single long stave.
Later, some bows were made of several materials, such as wood and horn glued together in layers composite bows and reinforced with bands of sinew. The short self bows used in Europe until the late Middle Ages were weak weapons that gave way to the technically superior longbow beginning in the 11th century.
Composite bows made of wood, horn, and sinew were used throughout much of Asia during the same period. A selection of bows that were used by different groups throughout history.
Up to about the history of Western archery as a sport was the history of the longbow. This bow had disadvantages, however. It was subject to differing conditions of temperature and humidity, it needed to be left unstrung when not in use, and using it was an art. The bow that replaced it in the midth century was a composite design made of laminated wood, plastic, and fibreglass that was little affected by changes of temperature and humidity.
The limbs of the composite bow are laminated, with a thin strip of wood serving as a core for facing and backing strips of fibreglass that are secured to it with epoxy glue. The composite bow gives superior accuracy, velocity, and distance in comparison to the longbow.
Using a modern bow, target archers of equal skill can score an average 30 to 40 percent higher than they can with the longbow. The modern composite bow shoots farther than the longbow:Mar 20, · In contrast to the symbol of death and disease it is today, from the early s to the s the cigarette was a cultural icon of sophistication, glamour and sexual allure — a highly prized.
Quitting Smoking Essay Examples. 14 total results. The Reasons Why I Quit Smoking. 1, words. 2 pages. Smoking: An Expensive, Dirty Habit.
words. 1 page.
A Discussion of the History, Effects and Quitting Methods of Smoking. words. 2 pages. The Dangers of Cigarette Smoking Addiction in the Modern World. Smoking is an expensive habit and it should be banned. Although smokers claim that it helps them to relax and release stress, the negative aspects of the habit outweigh the positive.
It is a health hazard for both smokers and non-smokers and it is especially harmful to unborn babies. If smoking is not allowed in public areas it discourages non-smokers from starting to smoke at all. smoking should be banned in all public places.
References. McLaren, W. (). Cigarette Butts: One Huge Problem, Two Solutions. If you are the original writer of this essay and no longer wish to have the essay published on the UK Essays. Though smoking in hospitals is currently not permissible, the possibility to allow smoking may be brought up; therefore, the inconveniences of cigarette butt littering and smokers gathering at entrances to smoke, along with the dangers of third hand nicotine contamination should reinforce this policy to stay in effect.
Well, if what you care about is body count, then obviously only things that turn into public health matters are important. Because anything that causes a body count is a public health issue.