The impact of the automobile on the early 20th century life

The 20th century Technology from to Recent history is notoriously difficult to write, because of the mass of material and the problem of distinguishing the significant from the insignificant among events that have virtually the power of contemporary experience. In respect to the recent history of technology, however, one fact stands out clearly:

The impact of the automobile on the early 20th century life

Agricultural history of the United States In the 17th century, PilgrimsPuritansand Quakers fleeing religious persecution in Europe brought with them plowsharesgunsand domesticated animals like cows and pigs.

These immigrants and other European colonists initially farmed subsistence crops like cornwheatryeand oats as well as rendering potash and maple syrup for trade. Early American farmers were not self-sufficient; they relied upon other farmers, specialized craftsman, and merchants to provide tools, process their harvests, and bring them to market.

The Age of the Automobile [initiativeblog.com]

American artisans developed a more relaxed less regulated version of the Old World apprenticeship system for educating and employing the next generation. Despite the fact that mercantilistexport-heavy economy impaired the emergence of a robust self-sustaining economy, craftsman and merchants developed a growing interdependence on each other for their trades.

Silver working[ edit ] Colonial Virginia provided a potential market of rich plantations. At least 19 silversmiths worked in Williamsburg between and The best-known were James Eddy — and his brother-in-law William Wadill, also an engraver. Most planters, however, purchased English-made silver.

The most prosperous were merchant-artisans, with a business outlook and high status. Most craftsmen were laboring artisans who either operated small shops or, more often, did piecework for the merchant artisans.

The small market meant there was no steady or well-paid employment; many lived in constant debt. Silver and other metal mines were scarcer in North America than in Europe, and colonial craftsmen had no consistent source of materials with which to work. The purity of these sources was not regulated, nor was there an organized supply chain through which to obtain silver.

The impact of the automobile on the early 20th century life

As demand for silver increased and large-scale manufacturing techniques emerged, silver products became much more standardized. For special-order objects that would likely only be made once, silversmiths generally used lost-wax castingin which a sculpted object was carved out of wax, an investment casting was made, and the wax was melted away.

The molds produced in this manner could only be used once, which made them inconvenient for standard objects like handles and buckles. Permanent mold castingan industrial casting technique focused on high-volume production, allowed smiths to reuse molds to make exact replicas of the most commonly used items they sold.

In creating these molds and developing standardized manufacturing processes, silversmiths could begin delegating some work to apprentices and journeymen. For instance, afterPaul Revere's sons took on more significant roles in his shop, [16] and his silver pieces often included wooden handles made by carpenters more experienced with woodwork.

Other European developments

These changes, in tandem with new techniques and requirements defined by changing social standards, led to the introduction of new manufacturing techniques in Colonial America that preceded and anticipated the industrial revolution.

Late in the colonial era a few silversmiths expanded operations with manufacturing techniques and changing business practices They hired assistants, subcontracted out piecework and standardized output. The coexistence of the craft and industrial production styles prior to the industrial revolution is an example of proto-industrialization.

Factories and mills[ edit ] In the mids, Oliver Evans invented an automated flour mill that included a grain elevator and hopper boy. Evans' design eventually displaced the traditional gristmills. By the turn of the century, Evans also developed one of the first high-pressure steam engines and began establishing a network of machine workshops to manufacture and repair these popular inventions.

Inthe widow of Nathanael Greene recruited Eli Whitney to develop a machine to separate the seeds of short fibered cotton from the fibers.Clay McShane used an innovative approach to examine the impact of transportation patterns on urban life. 79 He argued that the rising popularity of the automobile in the early 20th century derived from changing social perceptions of the street as traffic corridors rather than public spaces, a trend that had begun with the railway and mass.

Although invented in Europe the 19th century, Henry Ford's assembly-line production automobiles in the early 20th century transformed the American way of life. In the early 20th century, cars entered mass initiativeblog.com United States produced 45, cars in , but 28 years later, in , this had increased nearly fold to 3,, This increase in production required a new large work force.

Over the course of the paper, I will try to expose the huge impact of the automobile an early twentieth century life. The image of a self-propelled vehicle dates back around the early thirteenth century.

Beginning with horses, bicycles, and impassable roads, this book examines the automobile industry’s place in American history from the early 20th century to the contemporary issues facing Americans and their beloved automobiles.

Perhaps no invention affected American everyday life in the 20th century more than the automobile. Although the technology for the automobile existed in the 19th century, it took Henry Ford to make the useful gadget accessible to the American public.

Effects of the car on societies - Wikipedia